A: Part 2
An employer can terminate an employee's contract at any time for any legitimate reason, provided that they give the employee reasonable notice or compensation in lieu of reasonable notice. This means that the employee must be given minimum notice equivalent to the pay period; i.e., a weekly paid worker would require 1-2 weeks* and a monthly paid employee would require 3-4 or more* depending on the length of service. The employer also has the option of firing this employee on the spot and paying them for the notice period.
Wrongful Dismissal involves a breach of contract or the law regarding the contract as stated above. In other words, the "wrongful" is only associated with the WAY in which the employee was terminated, not the REASON for the termination.
Wrongful dismissal occurs when an employee is dismissed without notice; too short notice; contrary to the terms in the employment contract; or when "a worker has been dismissed in circumstances that are harsh and oppressive or not in accordance with the principles of good industrial relations practice", according to Section 10(5) of the Industrial Relations Act 1972, as amended.
*N.B. - A shorter notice period may be used if it can be justified.
There is NO QUALIFYING PERIOD for Wrongful Dismissal, so an employee can bring a claim for this at anytime during employment.