- Affirmative - gives the easement holder the right to do something on the grantor (owner) of the easement's land, such as travel on a road through the grantor's land
- Negative - allows the easement holder to prevent the grantor of the easement from doing something on his land that is lawful for him to do, such as building a structure that obscures light or a scenic view
- Expressly - "granted" or "reserved" in a deed or other legal instrument
- Implied - not
recorded or explicitly stated, but reflect the practices and customs of use for
- Prescription – acquired by 20 years use without force, without secrecy and without the oral or written consent of the servient land owner
- Necessity - if there was only one access road to a house, the law will not allow the road owner to deny the owner of the property access to their land, if that is the only access available. See picture below for example.